Very few characters in the history of Mexico are as hated as Malinche. Whether called Malintzin, Marina, Malinalli, or Malinche, her name has become a synonym of treason and is widely used to refer to those Mexicans who think other countries are better. Yet, her story, despite being known by almost everyone in Mexico, isn’t that clear. In an article for the National Public Radio, Jasmine Garsd makes a very interesting parallel between this spurned and despised character and that of Pocahontas, a character many little girls have come to idolize thanks to the Disney movie based on her. Both women became a bridge between the colonized tribes and their conquerors. Both ended up having a close relationship with one of them, and ended up turning their backs on their people. But as the article questions, how did one become the protagonist of a forbidden love story while the other is the utterly hated and demonized traitor? As it happens with history all over the globe, it all depends on the people who wrote history. But who was this woman? Was she as evil and ruthless as it is believed?
Believed to have been born in 1500, Malinche was the daughter of a noble family. Her father was the ruler of the small city of Painala, an Olmec town that spoke the language of the Aztec Empire: Nahuatl. It’s said that when her father died, her mother began a relationship with another man with whom she had a baby boy. Malinche was then sold by her stepfather to a group of traders who took her to Tabasco, a Mayan city in the South Eastern Coast of Mexico. In 1519, Hernán Cortés, the Spanish “Conquistador,” arrived with a group of soldiers to Tabasco. Shortly after, both sides became allies and, as a sign of good faith, they exchanged gifts. Among the tributes Cortés received there were 20 slave young women, Malinche included.
Before receiving the generous gifts, Cortés ordered a priest to baptize them and then allocated them among his most trusted captains. Malinche, now given the Christian name of Marina, was sent to one of Cortés’ relatives. It’s believed that although this native group ended on good terms with the Spanish, they didn’t want them to stay on their lands for such a long time, so they told them there was a lot of gold and riches in Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec empire. Of course, there isn’t much evidence of this, but it actually sounds like the most logical thing, since both tribes were enemies.
Cortés and his caravan went north, to what is now the state of Veracruz, where they encountered a group of Aztec emissaries in charge of collecting the taxes from subordinate towns. Here, Cortés realized that his interpreter (a priest who had learned Mayan after being caught years earlier) didn’t know how to speak Nahuatl, but soon found out that it was the native language of one of the slaves. Malinche, thus, became the official interpreter of the Spanish conqueror and a key character in the development of the conquest. She helped convince different towns to join them in their fight to defeat the great Aztec empire and worked as a flag to show these people that they were on their side.
Malinche became much more than just an interpreter. It’s said that she was Cortés’ partner, and that they lived as a married couple during this time. They even had a boy they named Martín Cortés in 1522. The Conquistador’s wife found out about this woman and decided to pay her husband a visit. Knowing that she had arrived at the New Spain, Cortés decided to marry Malinche to one of his men and her son was sent to one of his cousins, who took care of him. Malinche had a baby girl with her new husband, and up until this moment, her story becomes uncertain. It’s said that she might have died from smallpox shortly after, a very common epidemic at the time. There's also the possibility that she had some complications after giving birth, who knows? What’s true is that she’s still a relevant character in Mexican culture.
Now, going back to the question posed at the beginning of the article, why is she so fervently hated? The story of why she became the representation of treason and evilness started centuries after her death, to be precise in the late 1700s. By that time, the New Spain was a colony, but there were many internal conflicts and discomfort from groups who wanted to break free from the chains of the Spanish conquest. It was in this moment when everything related to Spain and the conquest became demonized. And, in that way, Malinche was the perfect character to justify that a small group of men could defeat such a powerful army.
With Malinche’s intelligence and diplomatic abilities, the Spanish convinced several enemies of the Aztec empire to plot against their oppressor and help the Spanish in their purposes. If you think about it, this is not the story of a woman who betrayed her people to favor another force. Mexico wasn’t a unified country as it came to be centuries later, but an groups of towns overpowered by an empire. Malinche wasn’t Aztec, and she never betrayed her people, not even her mother and stepfather who sold her. Still, many agree that despite the fact that she didn’t entirely betray her people, her help was crucial in aiding the conquerors in destroying all these pre-Columbian cultures and their way of life.
We love to think about this woman as an evil character plotting against the natives, but in fact, none of what she actually did was something she chose or planned. I mean, she was sold as a slave and then given to a group of foreigners as a tribute. Her knowledge of other languages was the only resource she had to survive and that earned her a better life than just being a soldier's slave. As professor Sandra Cypess of the University of Maryland explains, she was just Cortés’s pawn, but history prefers portraying her as a traitor because it's an easier way of making people understand how things came to happen. More importantly, according to Cypess, that negative load is also due to her condition as a woman, especially if you consider both the Catholic faith and the Aztec norms that influenced Mexican culture. The first one didn't allow women to speak in public, while in the latter, this right was only reserved for those in power, like the Tlatoani, or the Aztec emperor, whose name literally means "the one who speaks." The fact that she was a woman and a slave talking on behalf of the intruders is something she’s sadly still not forgiven for.

Have you ever heard about the mystery of Le Pain Maudit? That’s French for the cursed bread. After haunting the inhabitants of Pont-Saint Espirit for over 50 years, they finally discovered the shocking truth behind one of the most horrifying mysteries…
In 1951, this quiet, picturesque village in the Gard, southeast France was suddenly struck with hallucinations and astonishing mass insanity. For a long time, it was assumed that the village’s residents have been poisoned by psychedelic mold. However, it was revealed that it was actually the CIA who contaminated the village’s food with LSD.
An investigative journalist named H.P Albarelli Jr. has made this discovery and wrote a book on it as well. According to him, this event was part of CIA’s mind control experiment at the height of the Cold War.
It all began on August 16, 1951, when the inhabitants were racked with strange and horrific hallucinations of dragons, snakes, and fire. Dozens of villagers were hospitalized and hundreds of them had symptoms of madness. One man tried to drown himself, screaming that his stomach was being eaten by snakes.
Another man, Leon Armunier, who was working that day stated: “It was terrible. I had the sensation of shrinking and shrinking, and the fire and the serpents coiling around my arms”, he remembers.
Following this hallucination, he fell off his bike and was rushed quickly to a hospital in Avignon. Shortly after he arrived, they placed him in a straitjacket and put into a room with teenagers who were chained down to their beds.
“Some of my friends tried to get out of the window. They were thrashing wildly… screaming, and the sound of the metal beds and the jumping up and down… the noise was terrible. I’d prefer to die rather than go through that again.” – he describes the sight.
A young boy tried to murder his grandmother, while another man was convinced he was a plane, so he jumped off a building, and ended up breaking his legs.
In the end, the authorities determined that a local baker had unfortunately contaminated the flour with ergot, a hallucinogenic mold that infects rye grain. On the other hand, another theory suggested that the bread had been poisoned with organic mercury.
Now, over five decades later, this incident caught the attention of H.P Albarelli Jr. who decided to look into the matter for his book. During the investigation, he found out this had little to with the poor baker’s bread and more to do with a top-secret mind control experiment conducted by the CIA. He based his findings on a CIA document entitled “Re: Pont-Saint-Esprit and F. Olson Files. So Span/France Operation file, inclusion Olson. Intel files. Hand carries to Belin-tell him to see to it that these are buried “.
According to the BBC, F. Olson was Frank Olson, a CIA scientist who led the research for the agency that was looking into LSD. On the other hand, David Bellin worked for the Rockefeller Commission that was created by the White House in 1975 to investigate these accounts carried out by the CIA.
Moreover, the CIA is known to have carried out various mind control experiments with LSD involving Britain and Korea, while the Cold War was at its peak.
As Albarelli explains in his book “A Terrible Mistake: The Murder of Frank Olson and the CIA’s Secret Cold War Experiments”, he had talked with the former coworkers of Frank Olson and they confirmed that the Pont-Saint-Espirit event was nothing but a mind control experiment led by the CIA.
However, there’s one thing he couldn’t find out during his research. Whether the French authorities were aware of the true intention behind this incident or not. According to US news reports, the French Intelligence Agencies have made various efforts to gain information from the CIA following the book’s revelation.
Nevertheless, locals in Pont-Saint-Espirit demand to know why they were hit by such apocalyptic scenes.
“At the time people brought up the theory of an experiment aimed at controlling a popular revolt,” said Charles Granjoh. He almost kicked the bucket, as he explained to a French magazine, and he’d like to know why.

Reading Time: 2 minutes
Being a bookworm is understandably considered a solitary, lonely hobby. After all, unlike watching television, it would be awfully hard to read a book with a group or even with one other person. Bookish people have stereotypically been thought of as loners and introverts.
Well, science is telling us that those labels may be false. According to research, people who read more—specifically fiction—tend to display more sociable behaviors and are more empathetic.
This conclusion is based upon a British study by Kingston University in London. The researchers asked 123 people about their reading or television watching habits. They also noted what genres they liked—comedy, non-fiction, romance or drama.
The researchers then tested their social skills, asking questions like: How often do you consider other people’s points of view versus your own? Or, Do you go out of your way to actively help others?
One might think that those who prefer to watch television would display more sociable behavior. It would make sense. Because of the massive influx of books out there, it’s more likely that two people have watched the same show versus have read the same book.
However, the results showed the opposite. In book readers versus T.V. watchers, the book readers came out on top when displaying more empathetic behavior. They also found that those who mainly watched television actually displayed more anti-social behavior.
What’s interesting, as noted by researcher Rose Turner was that “all forms of fiction were not equal.” Fiction readers showed the best social skills. Specifically, when broken down by genre, they saw that readers of comedy were the best at relating to people. Romance and drama lovers were the most empathetic and most skilled at seeing things through other’s eyes.
These results are fascinating (not to mention an ego boost to we bookworms); however, they do raise the old “chicken or the egg” question. Is it that reading fiction can help a person become more empathetic or do empathetic people simply read more fiction?
Perhaps the T.V. watchers out there who feel they could use some more empathy can do their own experiment. Pick up some fiction and observe the changes within yourself. Need some reading recommendations? Ask your favorite bookworm, of course!

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Since food is our first medicine, the three foods in this article are especially good for helping your body resist cancer. They are easy and economical to use on a weekly basis, and they are tasty as well.
By now, most of us know the importance of a healthy diet of non-processed organically produced food is. Whether Paleo or vegan or somewhere in between, all the chemicals, antibiotics, and hormones used in commercial agriculture and the standard American diet is a major contributor to our diseased nation.
That’s why one should buy organic, or locally produced, or at least consult the Ecology Working Group (EWG) produce pesticide level tables online to determine what non-organic produce you can get manage with minimal harm.
Thick skinned produce from trees, like avocados, are usually relatively safe. And that happens to be one of the three cancer fighting foods below.
Broccoli Sprouts
This is my favorite because it’s so easy to use often, on eggs, in salads, and in sandwiches. Even better, it contains up to 50 times more of the anti-cancer phytochemical sulforaphane than fresh broccoli.
If even mainstream medicine considers broccoli a top anti-cancer food. Imagine how 50 times more sulforaphane so conveniently edible would benefit you.
It was a few years ago that researchers at Johns Hopkins Medical Center had discovered this with such certainty that they even patented broccoli sprouting seeds and played like Monsanto, suing sprout growers who didn’t pay royalties to their Johns Hopkins newly formed Brassica Protection Products company’s BroccoSeeds.
Fortunately, the International Sprout Growers Association (ISGA) wouldn’t tolerate Johns Hopkins “Monsanto mimicry” with non-GMO seeds that farmers had been using for decades.
So they sued the Medical Center’s newly formed company to cut out the nonsense on the basis that just because one discovers something present in an existing sprout means you can patent the plant’s seeds – and won!
You can check your local health food stores for broccoli sprouts – organic or hydroponically grown are wise choices. And you can also see if any of those stores broccoli sprout seeds with sprouting instructions with basic equipment.
Or you can do an online search for broccoli sprouts and sprout seeds to learn to order and learn more about sprouting.
Purple Potatoes
These potatoes have been staples of indigenous Peruvian mountain tribes for centuries. They began appearing in most decent health food stores a few years ago. They are only slightly more expensive then other domestic potatoes.
Purple potatoes are great smashed with lots of butter and sea salt, mashed, or roasted. And there are no threats of genetic engineering for purple potatoes so far. But so what, who needs purple potatoes? They are proving to be highly anti-cancer, especially for one of our most common cancers, colon or colorectal cancer.
Anthocyanins are high in purple potatoes and a recent Penn State study determined they go after colon cancer stem cells.
Orthodox oncology’s toxic chemo chemicals don’t get stems cells and those stem cells brew up more cancer cells with a vengeance! That’s a major reason why when remissions are obtained using chemo without killing cancer patients, they come down with cancer again.
That study even used baked, instead of raw purple potatoes to reach their conclusion that the anthocyanins help create cell death (apoptosis) among even cancer stem cells.
They used extracts from the baked potatoes in their in vitro studies (lab cultures) and in vivo, using animals that had colon cancers demonstrating positive results that reversed tumor growths. The color purple in other foods indicates high anthocyanin content as well. (Study source)
Related:
Keep in mind that extracts are concentrated solutions taken out (extracted) by various means from whole plant foods and herbs. The results from extracts will be more immediate and profound than having a side of purple potatoes once a month. That’s why it’s a good idea to consume at least one of the three foods almost daily.
Avocado
Alligator pear is the nickname for avocado. That’s partly because of its usually lumpy protective alligator-like skin color. However, it is actually technically a fruit. And this fruit contains healthy fat and almost all the amino acids the make protein.
A fairly recent University of Waterloo Canadian research group discovered avocado’s cancer fighting to the extent they are looking for a way to extract the isolated compound and create a new drug or nutraceutical that can be patented and sold commercially.
Their study isolated avocado’s compound avocotin B to observe its effect on acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells’ conversion to apoptosis. AML is a very stubborn form of leukemia, and they were looking for something to target AML cells without wiping out healthy cells the way chemo does. Source
Healthy cells undergo apoptosis, a programmed self destruction to make way for newly created cells. It happens more often than you know. Cancer cells are not programmed for apoptosis. They’re meant to form tumors and last forever.
Even if not diagnosed with cancer, well all have some cancer cells floating around. Ideally, our immune system handles them and keeps them from clumping and colonizing into tumors, or as is the case with leukemia, keeps them from overwhelming the body’s blood.
Any substance that programs apoptosis will have only cancer cells as their targets. So there you have it, three accessible anti-cancer foods that can be incorporated and consumed often in any organic healthy lifestyle diet one chooses.
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